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Firebolt system settings

You can use a SET statement in a SQL script to configure aspects of Firebolt system behavior. Each statement is a query in its own right and must be terminated with a semi-colon (;). The SET statement cannot be included in other queries. This topic provides a list of available settings by function.

Set time zone

Use this setting to specify the session time zone. Time zone names are from the tz database (see the list of tz database time zones). For times in the future, the latest known rule for the given time zone is applied. Firebolt does not support time zone abbreviations, as they cannot account for daylight savings time transitions, and some time zone abbreviations meant different UTC offsets at different times. The default value of the time_zone setting is UTC.


SET time_zone = '<time_zone>'


SET time_zone = 'UTC';
SELECT TIMESTAMPTZ '1996-09-03 11:19:33.123456 Europe/Berlin';  --> 1996-09-03 09:19:33.123456+00
SELECT TIMESTAMPTZ '2023-1-29 6:3:42.7-3:30';  --> 2023-01-29 09:33:42.7+00

SET time_zone = 'Israel';
SELECT TIMESTAMPTZ '2023-1-29 12:21:49';  --> 2023-01-29 12:21:49+02
SELECT TIMESTAMPTZ '2023-1-29Z';  --> 2023-01-29 02:00:00+02

Enable parsing for literal strings

When set to true, strings are parsed without escaping, treating backslashes literally. By default, this setting is enabled.


SET standard_conforming_strings = [true|false]


SET standard_conforming_strings = false;
SELECT '\x3132'; --> 132

SET standard_conforming_strings = true;
SELECT '\x3132'; --> \x3132

Limit the number of result rows

When set to a value greater than zero, this setting limits the number of rows returned by SELECT statements. The query is executed as if an additional LIMIT clause is added to the SQL query. A value of zero or less means that no limit is applied. By default, no limit to the number of result rows is applied.


SET max_result_rows = <integer>;


-- The following queries all return the same result. For the first query, no
-- explicit settings are set.
SELECT * FROM table LIMIT 10000;

SET max_result_rows = 10000;
SELECT * FROM table;

SET max_result_rows = 10000;
SELECT * FROM table LIMIT 20000;